Hernandez Tax Service 

header photo


Personal Tax Preparation. Meet with a Tax Professional in my offices, you’ll benefit from the knowledge and experience of the best Tax Professionals available. Second Look Review I can  find money others miss.




Social Security wage ceiling

The maximum amount of your earned income on which you pay Social Security tax is now $118,500. When you reach that amount with one employer, they should stop withholding Social Security tax from your pay until the following year. If you work for more than one employer, and your total earnings are more than $118,500, TaxAct calculates a credit for any overpayment of Social Security taxes.

foreign earned income exclusion

If you qualify, you can exclude up to $101,300 of your foreign earned income from your taxable income for 2016. If you and your spouse both work in a foreign country and meet the qualifications, you may each be able to exclude up to $101,300.



Adoption Credit


You may qualify for a credit equal to up to $13,460 of your adoption expenses. If your employer provides adoption benefits, you may also be able to exclude up to the same amount from your income. Both a credit and exclusion may be claimed for the same adoption, but not for the same expense. The credit is now permanent and indexed to inflation.

Home Owners

canceled debt exclusion

The canceled debit exclusion provides tax relief on canceled debt for many homeowners involved in the mortgage foreclosure crisis. You may exclude up to $2,000,000 ($1,000,000 if married filing separately) of canceled qualified principal residence indebtedness from taxable income.


Standard Deduction

The standard amount you can deduct from income if you don't itemize your deductions is $6,300 ($12,600 for married couples filing jointly, or $9,300 if you file as head of household).

Personal exemptions

The personal exemption for 2016 is $4,050, up from $4,000.

Marriage Penalty Relief

This provision increases the standard deduction for married taxpayers filing jointly, and expands the 15% tax bracket.

Alternative Minimum Tax 

The Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT) exemption amount rises in 2016 to $53,900 ($83,800, for married couples filing jointly).

Earned Income Credit

If you have no children, your maximum Earned Income Credit for 2016 is $506. With two children, the maximum amount is $5,572, and with one child, it is $3,373. If you have three or more qualifying children, the maximum Credit you can receive for 2016 is $6,269 (up from $6,242 in 2015).

Education & College

Education savings bond income limits

You may be able to exclude all or part of the interest from qualifying Series EE or Series I bonds if you use the income for qualified educational expenses. You cannot take this benefit if your modified adjusted gross income is $92,550 or more ($146,300 if you file jointly, or if you file as Qualifying Widow(er) with Dependent Child).

American Opportunity Tax Credit

The American Opportunity Tax Credit expanded on the Hope Credit. The income limits are higher, the credit is available for more qualified expenses, and you can use the credit for four years of post-secondary education instead of just two. In addition, you can even get a refund if you don't owe any tax for up to 40% of the credit ($1,000).

Health Care 

The Affordable Care Act (ACA)

The majority of taxpayers will see minimal impact on their 2016 federal taxes. For more information, visit TaxAct's website, The site offers tools and information to help you understand the impact of the Affordable Care Act on your taxes. Resources include year-by-year guidance and calculators to estimate your eligibility for the premium tax credit or your tax penalty for being uninsured.

Health insurance Premium Tax Credit

If individuals or families purchase health insurance through the Health Insurance Marketplace, they may qualify for the new Health Insurance Premium Tax Credit. To qualify for the credit, your household income must fall between 100 percent and 400 percent of the federal poverty line, you may not be claimed as a dependent on any other taxpayer's return, and (if married), you must file jointly. In the case of spousal abuse or abandonment, this requirement may be waived.

Individual Shared Responsibility Provision

In 2016, each individual taxpayer must carry the required "minimum essential coverage" each month, qualify for an exemption, or pay mandatory taxes. For those facing this new penalty, relief provisions have been written into the tax laws to help taxpayers transition into these new requirements. The minimum amount of insurance coverage you must carry is calculated per family member and then added together.

High - Income Households

Limitation on itemized deductions

If you have a high adjusted gross income, you may not be able to take all your itemized deductions, thanks to the Pease provision. Itemized deductions start to phase out at $155,650 if you are married filing separately ($259,400 for individuals, $285,350 if head of household, or $311,300 if filing jointly). Your itemized deductions are reduced by 3% of your adjusted gross income over these amounts, but they are never reduced by more than 80% of your otherwise allowable deductions.

Personal Exemption phaseout (PEP)

Your personal exemptions for yourself, your spouse, and your dependents reduce your taxable income by $4,050 each. If your adjusted gross income is over $259,400 ($155,650 if married filing separately, $311,300 if filing jointly, or $285,350 if filing as head of household), your personal exemptions are reduced by 2% for each $2,500 or portion over these amounts. The exemption phases out completely at $381,900 ($433,800 if filing jointly, $216,900 if filing separately, $407,850 if filing as head of household).

Death Tax Rate

For persons who died in 2016, the federal estate tax rate remains at 40%. This tax only applies to estates larger than $5,450,000 - up from $5,430,000 in 2015


Standard Mileage  

The standard mileage rate for the use of your car or other vehicle is up to 54 cents per mile for business (down from 57.5 cents for 2015) and down to 19 cents per mile driven for medical or moving purposes (down from 23 cents for 2015). The rate for charitable travel remained the same at 14 cents per mile.

Contribution Limits For Flexible spending accounts

The most you can contribute to one of these plans remains at $2,550. Your spouse can also contribute $2,550 if he or she meets the qualifications. For certain FSAs, up to $500 can now be carried over to the next year.

Medical Savings Accounts

(1) Self-only coverage. For taxable years beginning in 2014, the term "high deductible health plan" as defined in Sec. 220(c)(2)(A) means, for self-only coverage, a health plan that has an annual deductible that is not less than $2,250 and not more than $3,350, and under which the annual out-of-pocket expenses required to be paid (other than for premiums) for covered benefits do not exceed $4,450.

(2) Family coverage. For taxable years beginning in 2015, the term "high deductible health plan" means, for family coverage, a health plan that has an annual deductible that is not less than $4,450 and not more than $6,700, and under which the annual out-of-pocket expenses required to be paid (other than for premiums) for covered benefits do not exceed $8,150.


Juaquin Hernandez

Feel Free To Contact Me For An Question Or Appointment.

773 836 -2424


2016 Checklist

Basic Info

Name, SSN or ITIN, and date of birth Last Year's Return - hard copy or PDF file (TaxAct can import basic info from PDF's of returns prepared by select software solutions) Estimated Taxes Paid

Documents Received

Form W-2s - wage and tax statements Form 1095s – includes health insurance marketplace statement (1095-A), health coverage (1095-B) and employer-provided health insurance offer and coverage (1095-C) Form 1098s - includes mortgage interest (1098) and student loan interest (1098-E) Form 1099s - includes dividend income (1099-DIV), interest income (1099-INT & 1099-OID), merchant card and third party network payments (1099-K), miscellaneous income (1099-MISC), retirement plan distribution (1099-R), sale of home or real estate (1099-S), capital gain transactions (1099-B), distributions from an HSA, Archer MSA, or Medicare Advantage MSA (1099-SA)  and unemployment compensation (1099-G) Form 2439s - notice to shareholder of undistributed long-term capital gains Schedule K-1s - partnership, S Corporation and estate or trust income

Personal Record

Child and Dependent Care Expenses Education Expenses Medical Expenses Vehicle (Personal Property) Taxes Paid
Child and Dependent Care Expenses Education Expenses Medical Expenses Vehicle (Personal Property) Taxes Paid Real Estate Taxes Mortgage Interest Paid Charitable Contributions Business or Employee Expenses Gambling Expenses Investment Transactions Retirement Contributions Foreign Earned Income and Foreign Taxes Paid Moving Expenses